Need for speed: a legal defence

It seems that if you are charged with one of many speeding offences, there is at least one valid defence – the defence of necessity.

Recently, a Blake Lapthorn Motoring Offences specialist team helped to overturn the conviction of a man who was found guilty of exceeding the speed limit. The defendant was Mr Pipe, who claimed his speeding was justified as he was driving a young boy with a broken leg to the hospital.

After sustaining the injury in a football game and unwilling to wait for a delayed ambulance with the boy in intense pain, Mr Pipe decided to drive the boy to hospital, which is when a speed camera identified him breaking the speed limit.

Although the Magistrates’ Court agreed that the incident constituted a form of emergency, due to the fact that it was not of a life threatening nature, he was convicted of the offence.

Subsequently, an appeal to the High Court ended with the decision that the defence of necessity could be utilised under less extreme conditions, and overturned the Magistrates’ Court ruling. Mr Pipe’s sentence was quashed on the basis that if the Magistrate’s court had conducted itself properly on the law, it may not have convicted him.

Tim Willamson, the head of the Blake Lapthorn team, remarked that this case set a precedent for judging the conditions under which the defence of necessity is availableComputer Technology Articles, and commented on the importance of having a good defence team with specialist advice to defend against unreasonable sentencing.

How Jobs with National Security and Intelligence Can Prosper With SSB, IAF And IB Recruitment 2013

National security is of utmost importance to a country. Every country spends a lot of resources to keep their security and defence forces in top condition and up-to-date with skills and technology. With such stringent norms of selection and associated facilities for a lifetime career option defense and intelligence services are considered as one of the most prospective jobs among the young generation of job seekers in India.

National security is of utmost importance to a country. Every country spends a lot of resources to keep their security and defence forces in top condition and up-to-date with skills and technology. In a country like India, national security plays a major role where there are lots of border issues as well as internal administration issues to cater for.
However this scenario is about to change as there are stringent measures are being enforced as policies for hiring new manpower with adequate skills and eligibility. Now only competent candidates can join services of defense and intelligence through competitive selection examinations. Academics are also taken into consideration seriously along with mental capability and analytical skills. With such stringent norms of selection and associated facilities for a lifetime career option defense and intelligence services are considered as one of the most prospective jobs among the young generation of job seekers in India.
The Indian Airforce recruitment 2013 was extra strict to select new recruits precisely so that there is adequate capability in candidate to get trained with versatile combat trainings and internal intelligence. The standards of trainings are being improvised with cutting-edge techniques so as to help the professionals with appropriate training modules and new-generation of technology.
As the backbone of the defense system, adequate emphasis is put on the selection of professionals in intelligence bureau through IB recruitment 2013. It is necessary to be at par with recent developments in science and technology to combat any sort of insurgencies and exigencies through adequate intelligence and pro-activeness of service training as well as service utilization. Until and unless a candidate is competitive enough to learn the skills and trainings, there is no use of selecting them for such services. And this is the reason why IB recruitment 2013 focuses on selection of candidates with right attitude and right analytical ability with minimum level of perception so as to take the training effectively and support one of the most important cause of national security.
When young recruits with grim faces and strong determination are hired in the jobs related to national security and intelligence they can value add to the scenario of national defense with a more positive paradigm shift. The Indian system of defense is considered to be among the best in the world and this is only because of the efficiency of such professional who are appropriately selected with such stringent norms of SSB recruitment 2013.
Be it a cause of internal security of a nation or guarding the borders or counter terrorism activitiesFree Reprint Articles, the combined action of all service branches make it a go through. We have witnessed the combined actions of Indian intelligence and service forces through the wars with our neighboring nations as well as internal security for counter terrorism efforts. We have witnessed failures and successes and we have learnt more from every such incidence. This is as result is offering an excellent scope for the young generation with the passion for doing something worthy for their beloved nation and offer an excellent scope for jobs through recruitment norms as laid down by Indian Airforce recruitment 2013 or that of the IB or SSB recruitment.

Is a European Car a Luxury or is a Luxury Car European?

When the subject is luxury cars, many European brands and models are mentioned. When analysing the features and value of European cars, a majority would be considered a luxury in a way that the concept of what is luxury car and what is European car get mixed up. Find out about both concepts and get a better understanding of whether every European vehicle is a luxury.

Does the simple fact that a car come from Europe mean that is automatically a luxury car? Are all European cars luxury cars? Seems like an impossible riddle, but the answer just might be the combination of both. Let’s start by answering another equally important question. What makes a car a luxury car? The answer for that question is just a little bit easier. It’s all about how a car pampers you.

Sure, a car named after a world famous city or a fancy word in a foreign tongue adds an era of class, but luxury is really about how a car makes you feel. It’s about how the seat caresses you in comfort as you drive down the road. It’s about the looks you get when you pull up in the parking lot. It’s about how the car compliments your attitude and confidence. Luxury is not just a status symbol, but a state of mind.

Alright, maybe luxury is just a little bit more than a state of mind. Is it a coincidence that a luxury car just happens to come from Europe? Is there some European secret to making a world class luxury car? What do European car makers know about luxury that the rest of us don’t know? Maybe it just seems that way or maybe Europeans just have a better appreciation for the exquisite than other car manufacturers. Maybe European car makers want to make the rest of the world just as comfortable as they are behind the wheel.

Let’s try to figure out the answer for some of these questions by asking one more. What is luxury? A simple definition of luxury is “a state of great comfort.” Many European cars makers do indeed focus on comfort. Comfort is more than just a seat that cradles your body as you drive. Comfort includes the amenities. Amenities today aren’t your father’s amenities. GPS, heated leather seats and even a mp3 dock station can now be found on most new car models. It is the extra amenities. Most of today’s amenities or extras are high-tech options that make driving not only as effortless as possible, but as safe as possible.

Europeans are no strangers to luxury. European’s appreciation of the finer things in life is evident in the famous wines of Italy and France. Take a look at some of the world famous paintings on display at the Louvre. Gaze upon beautiful statues in Rome. Sample the flavours of a dinner that took hours to prepare and a meal that literally lasts for hours. Spend a relaxing weekend in a Swiss chalet or walking through a regal English courtyard. Witness the stunning Renaissance designs meticulously preserved in the Hapsburg gardens in Austria. Smell the sweetly-scented tulips of Holland carefully placed on a dinner table.

An appreciation for the finer things in life can be found throughout Europe. It should come as no surprise that a similar attention the detail and appreciation of beauty is put into the design of a European car. The attention to detail that goes into creating a luxury car comes from generations of craft-making. In Europe, passing down a trade from one generation to another was and still is a way of life in many cultures.

Part of this includes a desire to create something that is not only appreciated by others, but also makes the person who created it feel proud. This extends to the creation of a luxury car. Sure, the person driving a luxury car appreciates the added comforts and amenities, but you can bet that somewhere those responsible for creating the cars are smiling too. So, is a European car a luxury? Is a luxury car European? It doesn’t look like we’ve found a definite answer. MaybeArticle Search, it’s a little of both.

Different Jobs Posts Associated With Navy Force In Indian Defence

Indian Army is an element for making peace in our country so those Man and woman who want to serve the country and desire to join Indian army can apply for Defence Jobs. As we all know that it is the toughest government job than other jobs to perform their responsibilities therefore lots of risks are being faced in these defence jobs.

The Indian armed forces is among the best and largest in the world as It offers a healthy work environment for the adventurous youth. And There are two ways of getting into the defence forces – through the (NDA Exam) or through the (CDSE) i.e. Combined Defence Services Exam. Students who have completed or are about to complete their 10 +2 level education are also eligible to appear for NDA. CDSE is for students who have completed their graduation or are going to complete their graduation.

National Defence Academy/Naval Academy examination is conducted by UPSC every year in the months of April and September for admission to the army, navy and air force wings of the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy. Then those Candidates who qualify in the written examination will be asked to appear for an Intelligence and Personality Test by the Services Selection Board. Eligibility on the basis of Nationality The candidate must either be a citizen of India. Remuneration for applicants is an attractive amount of salary along with all other benefits such as dearness allowance, conveyance allowance, house rent allowance as considered by organization. Many Other so many benefits will also be provided to appointed applicants as per rules for Indian Navy Sailor Jobs.

The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of India which consist of four professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy Sailor Recruitment 2016 and Indian Coast Guard, Indian Navy Sailor Recruitment, etc. and The various paramilitary organizations and various inter-service institutions also help the Indian Armed Forces. The Ministry of Defence is responsible for the management of armed forces allover in India.

Indian Defence forces are military forces of India which includes Army, Air Force, Navy and Coast Guard along with that various Paramilitary forces are there. There is separate ministry named Minister of Defence for looking into the matters of Defence forces. These forces are world renowned because of passionate, vibrant and dynamic Soldiers working in them. If you too feels that you are also fit for Defence forces then according to your choice you can select any one of them as your career and live your life, because job in Defence is not just a job it’s way of life. Below we have briefed some of the entries of various forces like Air ForceFree Reprint Articles, Army and Navy you can click on the name to know more about the entries through which you can apply.

If one has a passion to prove everyone that he/she being Indian are different from others and they will work for the honor of Indian flag. In these jobs you can enter an officer. Many chances are provided by UPSC and Indian Army to recruit the Indian youth. These Possibilities can make their career bright.

Why defence is back in the news

After several years of being a fringe issue in the mainstream media, defence is suddenly a relevant topic again because of operations abroad and a renewed debate here in Britain over funding and strategies.

Defence has re-emerged as a key issue in the news following a string of recent developments both in operations abroad and in the workings of government here in Britain.

For a country that once had one of the most powerful and largest militaries in the world, it is hard to believe that defence ever left the main political stage. But the end of the Cold War, together with other public sector priorities, reduced defence spending in real terms, and major conflicts becoming less frequent, made defence a less prominent issue.

This is changing now, driven by the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Iraq War was controversial and divisive, but it also placed the armed forces in the mainstream spotlight for the first time in over a decade. For every discussion about when the troops should be withdrawn or when an inquiry should begin, there was also talk of armoured vehicles and strategies against the insurgency.

Were the troops prepared? Would the strategies work? How effective was equipment like Snatch Land Rovers? All of these questions became regular issues not only in defence news but also the mainstream media.

They highlighted the functions of defence policy and the workings of Britain’s powerful defence industry in supporting the war.

Even as the country grew tired of Iraq, its support for the troops there continued.

All of this contributed to an important foundation for the coming war in Afghanistan.

The same debates over funding, equipment and strategy re-appeared, but with a greater sense of urgency.

As the casualties have risen over the past few years, defence news has not only become mainstream, but also a priority.

The war has also found a way to infiltrate other mainstream news topics. Name one, and defence will have a relevant area in it.

Health? Can the NHS supply the best medical care to wounded soldiers?

Security? If the army can’t defeat insurgents, they could move to attack Britain next.

Public spending must now factor in the Afghan War and the overall MoD budget in much greater respect to the nation’s long-term standing and goals. As the government moves to cut spending, cutting or reducing the budget for a ministry engaged in the toughest fight since Korea is hard to justify.

Defence has also proven to be a job creator, something any economy will welcome in the midst of a global recession. The defence industry is responsible for thousands of jobs as a result of MoD and international procurement programmes.

Defence news is now part of the mainstream focus of news organisations. War, terrorism, public spending and jobs are all issues of concern. As long as they continue to be soFind Article, defence news will permeate.

Essential Security Tips on a Villa Holiday Rental

It is all too easy, when in the holiday mood, to empty your head and get into that welcome relaxed state of mind. But this is the time when you are at your most vulnerable and should be alert to what can happen when your defences are down.

The tricks employed by the opportunistic thief are explained, below, so that you are more informed of their modus operandi, whether it’s travelling to your villa holiday destination, or about your person.

Personal security;

Be aware upon your arrival to the airport, since this is where an opportunist thief will seek to identify his or her target, which is when most money will be within the party.

Thieves may identify potential targets for many reasons. Some include seeing expensive luggage or a video cam, or they may see a pre-occupied family in a flustered state. Clearly keep possessions close to you, but do keep an eye out for anyone watching you in particular.

Most importantly, check that you are not being followed in the car: if you think you might be then slow down and let them pass. If you remain suspicious then take a note of their registration number and report it to the police. Thieves tend to work as pairs and of mixed gender. They can also work as two individual teams and communicate with each other.

Be aware and look around at ATMs: be prepared with your card and pin number before you go to the machine and don’t count your cash in front of the ATM for onlookers to see. It is advisable that two persons attend the ATM when withdrawing cash, particularly at night. Try to hold less cash by making greater use of your credit cards.

It has been known that certain tricks are played in Barcelona. An old trick is whereby a passerby brushes your shirt and tells you that some bird has made some droppings when it was the same person that actually put it on you in the first instance. By the time you overcome the confusion the passerby runs off with your wallet. In fact, any such trickster could try to distract you in so many different ways, so do be alert, particularly in Barcelona and other major cities.

At the villa;

Do be suspicious of persons that knock on your holiday villa door pretending to wish to speak to the owner or give an obscure name, or appear to sell a product like honey. If suspicious do take their car registration number and report it to the police, as such persons can be just simply assessing the situation.

A common ruse is the gas man arriving to seek an inspection of the gas rubber hoses at the holiday villa. The only gas people in Spain are the heating engineers that are registered, so they would never arrive to a villa without an appointment. These people could show an ID card that could look like the real thing, but such persons are just tricksters and seeking to cheat or steal in some way.

If the entrance door to the holiday villa is some way from the pool, ensure you lock the door.

Lock windows, particularly those without bars and doors. Opportunistic thieves have been known to go into villas to steal when the occupants have been on the patio, or in the pool. Such thieves work very quietly and speedily.

If you have two cars then try to leave one car in the driveway when you go out at night, as well as leave a light on in the villa.

In the car;

A helpful fellow motorist may flag you down indicating that you have a flat tyre on your car, or indicate some other problem with it. When you get out of the car to see what is wrong, or to change the tyre, one of the thieves takes off with a bag and your car keys. The thief having already spiked the tyre at some stage in your journey or at the airport.

Always keep your car locked.

Never display anything in the car, regardless of value. Remove any car rental stickers, which simply serve to draw attention to you as a holidaymaker.

Be careful if the car is loaded with luggage when parked and left unattended. Best go to a secure car park in cities, rather than park in the street.

Beware a family car pulling up alongside of you and an occupant asking if you could kindly change a bank note for them, explaining to you that all the banks are closed and that they need change urgently. The occupants of the car may look innocent enough with a mother and two children alongside. What happens in these situations is that when you then open your purse or wallet by the car window, the money or holder is grabbed by one of the car occupants and the thieves drive off.

What to do;

If you do experience a theft then go directly to the police station and report the incident. Ensure you obtain a crime number, as you would in the UK, in order to be able to make a claim to your insurers.

If you have booked with an agent then get the representative to go with you to the police station and be your interpreter. You may need to pay for the interpreter’s time, which you can claim back from your insurance company, so do obtain a receipt.

Do inform your insurers, by phone and letter, about such an incident as soon as practically possible, as each company has its own deadlines for making a claim, which are usually within a week of returning from your holiday. Give the crime report number, or you will have difficulty getting compensation. If you suffer any loss on the last day of your holiday then you can report the crime to the police at the airport police station, thus saving you time.


If you compare the UK with Spain as a destination, for example, in order to put theft into perspective, the statistics demonstrate that Spain has one of the lowest crime rates in the European Union, according to the European research study shown on the Wikipedia link, below.

When it comes to theft of personal property or pick-pocketing, Spain is a third less than the UK, and when it comes to burglary is, in fact, two thirds less than the UK rate, with an average in Spain of 1% and the UK being 3%.

Should you ever have the misfortune to experience an unfortunate event whilst away, then do try not to let it spoil your holiday, as cash and valuables can easily be replaced by your insurers.

In Defence of the Christian Nation State

Nation states are necessary creations allowing varied and formulaic control over political, legal and economic processes for a defined geographically bound group of people. Nation states are more however than economic unions, common spaces, and constitutional mandates. They are organisms. Cultural mores, emotional attachments, and collective understandings are far more important to the development and maintenance of a nation state than elitist documents; arcane legal statutes; or multi-cultural inspired concepts of being nice, diverse or happy. A nation state is a collection of people with shared linguistics, histories, aptitudes, and objectives. Yet here we have the soft modern Western mind and state, engaged in a war with Islamic fascists, erecting more mindless mommy-state programs, secularism and destroying civilisational concepts and nation state creations through Islamic immigration, appeasement, multi-culturalism and post modern socialist management and ethos. It is a highly disturbing and enraging scenario.

European civilization strode on to conquer the world after establishing and agreeing upon a nation state structure. The nation state concept was ratified by the European powers in the 1648 Westphalian accord which stated that, ‘there shall be a Christian and Universal Peace, and a perpetual, true, and sincere Amity, between his Sacred Imperial Majesty, and his most Christian Majesty; as also, between all and each of the Allies…’ A Christian and European form of national determination and governance thus came into acceptance. Within geographical limits a state would have territorial and taxation control and state law within that territory would reign supreme. Though wars did and always will occur, the concept that groups of people could have security, common interests and objectives all freed from wanton anarchy allowed the coming Western revolutions of the mind, spirit, and political-economy to gather strength post 1648. This competitive and secure structure allowed the West to take-off. The rest, including world domination, is history.

Fast forward now to the 21rst century and we have the on-going deconstruction of the nation state. Post modern, anti-reality, anti-Western ‘philosophy’ and anti-Christian dogma mandates the dismemberment of the nation state and the creation of transnational governance. But to get there cultures and ethos need to be eradicated and then re-casted. Post modern socialism and the fetish for all things trans-national is nothing but a lurid attempt to destroy geographically defined accountability and transparency via parliamentary and republican governance and impose an elitist and quite immoral control pattern. The idea that post moderns hold dear is that nationalism and nation statism, along with intolerant Christianity is bad. Chauvinism, pride, nationalism, cultural ignorance and arrogance are all attributed to the nation state and its Christian ideology. World wars, fascism, communism, imperialism and racism according to the post modern elite, emanate from nation states and only from nation states with Christians hosting a goodly display of immoderate barbarism as well. The post moderns seem to posit that racism, wars, tribal conflicts and aggression never existed until post-1648.

This is of course nonsense. Racism and tribalism are phenomena as old as the human race. In the modern period wars of imperialism, racism, religion and ideology have been created by leaders using the nation state structure to gain power and the ability to wage war. Nation states hardly created these ideologies. Intellectuals, academics in the case of communism, fascism and Hitlerism were vital to convince whole populations that tribal, racial, or class creed based systems were part of the ‘darwinian’ or ‘lamarckian’ order and would allow supremity over others. Religion and ideology have always been used by the power mad and the warring to justify their conquests.

Utopian ideologies simply seize the nation state and use the cultural values of the state in question to help the ideology seize power. Fascism took root differently in Germany and Romania for example as it did under communism in Russia or China. Blaming the nation state for wars is simply wrong. Statism, utopian philosophies, empire building dictators, and military castes thirsting for territory and plunder have been the main causes of the bloodiest wars in the past 100 years. The only contribution nation states might have made was in the creation of the modern and now dismembered British and Russian empires driven by trade, geo-political control of key areas, and state competition. Even here the British colonial wars were no more obscene and usually less bloody than the internecine savagery amongst the natives it was busy conquering. In any event it is hard to argue that India, to give just one example, was not better off under British rule especially in light of modern Indian political-economic development. Even here with so-called imperialist white wars, the good outweighed the bad.

Nation states do engage in war, but that is part of the deal. Nation states must secure for a group the rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of whatever it is they want to pursue that does not derange the working order of international relations. If attacked it is assumed that the nation state will defend itself. As nation states become modernized, industrialized and build up a transparent and accountable liberal-democratic order with proper institutions and constraints, it is hard to make the case that the nation state becomes a bellicose war making machine. Facts simply don’t support this. For the post modern elite to presuppose that the nation state is the root of all evil and war, and must pass under the control of a smiling, kind, all knowing elite, is to put it mildly, rather insane. The further that governance passes from the local into the abstract, the more problems and the more treachery that will abound. Yet we are well on the way to deconstructing our modern states. This has nothing to do with globalization or world economics, but it has everything to do with post modern political attitudes.

Take the case example of Islam. Islam is a universal, supremacist ideology of control and power. Yet it eschews the nation state by creating the Muslim Umma or community, and directly tells its followers that there are no nation states just the Umma. In fact the only defence against the Muslims is the Western nation state. In the failure that passes for the Islamic world a Hamas or Hizbollah only needs to become a dual state within a state to have de-facto power. They don’t need to bother with the real thing. All they need are the state resources and like the Nazis in Germany they can steal what they want by creating a parallel state with the national structure and controlling resources and support.

In fighting off Islam what then are Western states doing? They import more muslims from a cultural ethos that is diametrically opposed to Western cultural values and give them multi-cultural protection to set up their own little states within nation states. They fund their schools, mosques, extended family reunification programs, and tell them that Islam means peace. Domestic institutions are being changed to Muslim favor within Western states. In foreign affairs the West tries to wage a necessary war in Iraq and Afghanistan while not offending Muslims; done on the cheap with too few troops, legal restrictions on everything from when to fire to how we can interrogate terrorists, and sensitivity to every death or injury. The softness of the West is self evident for the Islamic jihadists to see. We can thank post modern socialism and the hatred towards Western civilization by the elite for this turn of events.

Is It Now or Never for ‘Brendan And The Boys’? Liverpool FC’s Title Challenge

Talk of a league title returning to Anfield on the 11th of May, after a twenty four year wait, would not have been taken seriously even amongst the most optimistic reds of the Merseyside as the season kicked off on the 17th of August at home to Stoke. However with only four games to go Brendan Roger’s Liverpool have found themselves two points clear at the top of the table and, after Manchester City’s slip up during the week, must be considered favourites to go all the way. With an inspirational Steven Gerrard demonstrating his prowess in his new Quarter Back position, a manager with blind belief in his players’ potential and above all a strike partnership terrorising the country’s defences with frightening ease, not many would claim otherwise.

Is this the start of a new era at Anfield resembling that of Bill Shankly and Bob Paisley in the 70s and 80s? Are Manchester United in for a long winter in the face of their bitter rivals taking over as England’s Top Dog? These prospects may excite the members of the famous Kop but are in direct confrontation with another school of thought, one questioning the Merseyside club’s realistic chances of reproducing such a credible title challenge in the near future. Is this not just a one off? A quick reminder of Anfield’s legendary atmosphere? A last cry of honour from their formidable and yet aging Captain before the inevitable hanging up of the boots? Both sides of the story shall be discussed.

Brendan Rodgers has spent the better part of the season trying to find his starting back four. It seems only two players have succeeded in demonstrating their ability to fend off any potential threat to Minglolet’s closely guarded net, Martin Skrtel and Glen Johnson in central defence and at right back respectively. With Jose Enrique suffering of a knee injury and not featuring since the Red’s away win at Fulham in November, the Liverpool boss has struggled to find a suitable replacement. Indeed, Ally Cissokho, Daniel Agger, Mamadou Sakho, Glen Johnson and Jon Flanagan have all been used to fill in for the Spaniard with perhaps only the latter showing why he deserves to be in contention for the position as of late. The other position yet to be secured is the centre half position alongside the International Slovak, with on top of Agger and Sakho already mentioned Kolo Toure has also attempted to prove his worth at the heart of defence. Yet with only 4 games to go Rodger’s has still to decide, with Toure and Agger both starting 15 and Sakho starting 14 it seems this problem may go unsolved. That the amount of league goals conceded is only 1 less than in the entirety of last season’s, a season in which they finished 7th, despite there remaining 4 games, is mainly due to such an instability. On top of this the number of clean sheets preserved by the Anfield XI has declined from 16 to potentially 14 and this only if they to no longer concede a single goal, a prospect that seems rather unlikely in view of the recent trend. This situation can be likened to one of the factors that lead to collapse of Manchester City’s title hopes this season. With Manuel Pellegrini lacking a suitable partner for, arguably the world’s best defender, Vincent Kompany.

In front of the forever alternating back four is the English pair composed of promising Jordan Henderson and emblematic Steven Gerrard. The Merseyside boy through and through silenced the rumours that he was playing the season too many and has adapted to his new ‘Quarter back’ position remarkably well. Alongside the indefatigable Henderson, Gerrard has dictated the Liverpool play and contributed highly to his side’s recent success with 13 goals to his name, more than he had in the league since the 08-09 campaign in which they finished runners up with a club record of 86 points. However, 10 of these realisations came from the conversion of spot kicks awarded to the Merseyside club. Gerrard has also been subject to a highly increased amount of protection from his manager with the latter substituting the club captain before the final whistle on no less than 6 occasions in contrast to the 1 from the previous year. With a passing game still equal to those dubbed as the best in Europe his influence on the game is incontestable, but with his new role on the pitch requiring a more defensive approach Gerard’s advancing years do and will undoubtedly pose a problem in the near future. With a tackle success rate declining in and the illustration of the England International’s difficulty to cope when presented with a more agile and rapid opponent when he brought down Oxlade Chamberlain at Anfield in the 5-1 victory over Arsenal, it is fair to say he is not getting any younger. As much as it would not be fair to simply show Gerrard the door, Brendan Rodgers may wish to begin the search for a new ‘Quarter Back’ if he aims to upkeep his side’s level of performance in the league next year.

The outcome of this year’s title race is still very much to play for with Jose Mourinho’s Chelsea only 2 points behind and still yet to visit Anfield, in what may be a title deciding fixture, and with Manchester City six points behind with a game in hand. Though it is Liverpool that posses the strongest hand in the run in and a significant psychological advantage of being on top. It remains important to remind oneself that this current campaign has represented for both Chelsea and Manchester City a season of adaptation with both clubs bringing in new managers with very different styles to their predecessors, despite this being Mourinho’s second spell at Stamford Bridge. As demonstrated by Liverpool themselves a season or two is sometimes required in order for a manager to have a noticeable impact upon their teams, something often forgotten by impatient chairmen to easy to hit the eject button when goings get tough, a situation Brendan Rodgers has the luxury of not experiencing. It would therefore seem that it is in fact during next season that the true force of both Chelsea and Manchester City shall be put to test. On top of this the two other title contenders have, unlike Liverpool, been competing on more than one stage with halfway through the season papers talking of a potential historic quadruple for Manchester City and Chelsea still in contention for a place in the final of the Champions League as we speak. Having played a significant amount of games less than both the blues from London and for Manchester it would only seem logical that the boys from Anfield find themselves where they are at such a crucial stage. The question remains whether they will be able to repeat such a feat once Mourinho and Pellegrini have had a certain amount of time to shape their squads as they wish and Rodgers has to deal with European football on top of domestic aspirations, where due to an increase in expectations there will also be an increased level of pressure.

A level of pressure under which the Liverpool players have not found themselves until this point, with Brendan Rodgers assuring us on more than one occasion that his aim is to take it “game by game”. He did not go as far as his Portuguese counterpart in playing down his side’s title chances all together but it is fair to say that there was perhaps less of an obligation for him to do so given the inferior amount of expectation, whether it be through the fans, the press or more importantly the board. This would however change if Steven Gerrard were to lift the Premier League Trophy with the Merseyside Reds finding themselves obliged to perform at a similar level as they have throughout this campaign, with on top of that the expectation to succeed in Europe as they have in the not so distant past. Such expectations would even rise when it comes to domestic cups, FA and League. With such a restraint squad and inexperienced squad, with the exception of few, Liverpool’s ability to cope will be highly scrutinised.

Some have even gone as far as to link Liverpool’s current success to the amount of penalties they have obtained claiming it’s down to ‘luck’ and a series of biased decisions. It would be false to claim that the penalties did not play an important part in the table leader’s success with 12 spot kicks being awarded to the latter, 5 more than anyone else. But is there not a need for a certain amount of luck in order to win the title? Looking back there have been situations where the champions have simply ‘run away’ with the league, however if one is to recall Manchester City’s title winning game one may also recognise that on occasion a little luck can swing the league in team’s favour rather dramatically. Liverpool have, as City did, made their own luck with their attacking style of play being at the source of their numerous penalties. It would therefore be unfair to declare that their league success has been based on ‘luck’ to such an extent. Should they decide to attack and run at defenders in such a manor there is no reason why it shouldn’t lead to the same result in the season to come, with perhaps the only changing factor being the increased awareness of opposing defenders.

The future is not all doom and gloom for Liverpool as they approach their first Premier League title and this majorly due to their world-class strike partnership that they possess in Luis Suarez and Daniel Strurridge, aka ‘SAS’. Indeed in would be unthinkable to discuss the club’s future potential without mentioning one of the deadliest attacking duos in Premier League football. The record lies with Andrew Cole and Peter Beardsley when in the 93-94 campaign they put away 55 goals for Newcastle United between them. As it stands, with 4 games to go, the Liverpool duo have managed a highly impressive 49 goals. They are therefore on par with Alan Shearer and Chris Sutton’s record with Blackburn Rovers’ league winning side of 1995. Given the understanding and complicity that the two forwards have developed and the fact that game by game their ability to provide for each other only seems to grow it would be foolish not to consider them as a considerable threat to any defence. This provided they succeed in fending off the interest of foreign and even fellow English clubs during the transfer season as they did successfully in the summer of 2013. This shouldn’t represent to hard a task with Luis Suarez signing a contract recently ensuring his is one of the highest earners of the League and with the return of Champions League football to Anfield it would seem there is not reason for him to reiterate a willingness to leave Sturridge’s company on the Merseyside.

Despite the prolific ‘SAS’ partnership providing 49 league goals the dependency on the latters contribution and notably that of Luis Suarez has, rather ironically, decreased since the previous campaign. A campaign during which the prospect of losing the Uruguayan for 10 games through suspension was met with a veritable outburst of anxiety, but who’s absence eventually lead to the rise of the Englishman as he scored 11. However this season it is not only Sturridge that has lead to a decrease in dependency on Suarez it is the contribution of the squad as a whole, with the total league goal tally rising from 71 to 93 and this once again with 4 games left to play. On top of Steven Gerrard’s mentioned contribution, Raheem Sterling has provided 7 goals, Philip Coutinho 5 and perhaps more surprisingly Martin Skrtel 7, thus explaining in part his manager’s confidence. This in direct contrast to last season’s 9 for Gerrard, 2 for Sterling, 3 for Coutinho and 2 for Skrtel. It would therefore seem that a major asset of the Liverpool squad and one that is likely to increase in the future is that of a wide range of players being able to score consistently and at crucial moments, such as Sterling, Skrtel and Coutinho did against City in the 3-2 victory at Anfield, days before the 25th Anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster. One can only come to the conclusion that this is down to one man and one man only, Brendan Rodgers.

Brendan Rodgers has been decesive in turning Liverpool around and ‘returning them to where they should be’ according to the large majority of the Liverpool followers. It is his attacking philosophy which has allowed ‘SAS’ to develop to the extent to which it has and his use of attack as the best form of defence leading his entire squad to push forward fearlessly producing goals, and lots of them. His blind confidence and belief in his players transcends upon them allowing them to play free of pressure and achieving heights only Brendan Rodgers himself foresaw. This confidence is based on a remarkable self belief and how the game should be played and won, but also on a confidence that was placed in him by the board at Liverpool FC, where there was absolutely no question as to his future as head coach despite his failure to finish higher than 7th in the 12-13 campaign. He has been likened to Shankly and Paisley on more than one occasion, perhaps the most recently by Kevin Keegan, a Liverpool great and a highly experienced manager. One is therefore able to say that Liverpool’s future lies in safe hands as long as the board upkeeps its level of confidence in a man who’s confidence in others has lead to their success, illustrated through three members of the squad starring amongst the nominees for PFA player of the year.

It is another aspect of Rodgers’ ideology that allows one to believe in Liverpool’s future as a title challenging club, his confidence and willingness to allow the youth to develop as an integral part of the first team squad. Ex-Liverpool manager, now England head coach, Roy Hogdson recently praised the mangers of the English Premier League for their bravery in contributing to the development of young English players by including them in their first team plans. One manager that cannot go unmentioned when congratulating such a feat is Brendan Rodgers whom through the confidence that he has shown in Sterling, Henderson, Flanagan, and Sturridge has played a significant role in the affirmation of Liverpool and England being ready for the future. In 2013 Liverpool boasted the youngest team in the league with an average age of 23,38 demonstrating that despite their aging captain, they are a team with a future ahead of them.

Hegemony and Globalization

If from a classical perspective US behaviour can still on a whole be accommodated within the framework of the international law we are accustomed to, there is a second way to look at the problem, which makes the picture much more complex and potentially harmful. This perspective focuses on the changes in the nature of international law which are due to the globalization and questions the role which the USA plays in the process. As is well known, theories differ about the nature of globalization and how it will effect on an international law primarily based on states as political units governed by the principle of sovereign equality. In particular, it is not at all certain that the state as such will evaporate in the process of globalization, or that all states will be equally affected.

For those who view globalization as an outright “americanization” of the world, the matter is easily disposed of. Far from disaggregating into a bundle of services connected in a world network for the benefit of the consumer, as some neo-liberal visionaries want us make to believe, the USA would be in fact on the way to world domination through the corrosion of the integrity of potentially competing states. This is an oversimplification of reality, unless the noun “americanization” is taken as a synonym for the empire of the capitalistic system. In this latter meaning, it is true that the western model of state is in the process of loosen its administrative hold on economic governance. If this process has to be welcomed as an efficient reshaping of power leverages in an integrated and multileveled international environment, or to be lamented as a dismantling of the achievements of social cohesion and a surrender to the market’s dominance, is not a question which has to be answered here. The point is that in any case the state lays down some of its prerogatives and is put on the same level as other actors such as international institutions, “independent” agencies, interest groups, corporations, individuals. This cannot but have a profound impact on the nature of international law, or at least on some of its tenets, first of all on sovereign equality. Indeed, it is clear that even in an advanced stage of international economic interdependence, states will not disappear as principal units of order and governance. Rather, as Kingsbury has aptly argued, the crucial change is likely to be normative, until reaching a functional concept of sovereignty as a “bargaining resource of variable quantum”. It is obvious that the most powerful states will be in a better position to bargain their power, or even to make the deal at the expenses of others. This uneven diminution of state sovereignty will not only lead to a re-division of the world into zones of “civilization” reminiscent of a colonial past, but will also be most dramatically felt in a loosening of the restraints on coercive intervention.

It is at this point that the discourse on globalization meets the specter of hegemony. It might well be that liberal states, in the meaning of free market oriented democracies, are not likely to fight each other, so that the system of a “liberal” world should incarnate the ideal of a perpetual “liberal” peace, but this does not at all imply that liberal states are less inclined to use force than others. On the contrary, their missionary and self-righteous zeal pushes them to override ethical and normative barriers against the use of whatever they deem to be “just” force.

There are theories which go even further and view war as immanent in the very concept of globalization. The views differ with the perspectives. So, for neo-colonial studies, it is quite obvious that “globalization” is but a synonym of a predatory design by western states to re-establish their control over world strategic resources, preferably through the interplay of international financial institutions, but if need be through some more decisive destabilising devices or the outright use of force. For other theorists a permanent state of emergency, a constant conflict with the “Other”, be it with an opportunely designated “rogue” state or even more aptly with a “global” threat such as terrorism, is even necessary for the self-understanding and survival of the very concept of state in the age of globalization. After all, from Hobbes onward, sovereignty has commonly been understood as obedience in exchange of protection.

Therefore globalization, somehow “perversely” can serve to confirm the continuing significance of national imperialism”. What does this mean for the present discussion on US hegemony? From what has been said above, it seems that a new hegemony may necessarily have to be conceived of in terms of military strength alone. In fact it does not come as a surprise that there are now in the USA intellectuals who explicitly propagate the inevitability of war for the defence of the free markets, or favourably compare US readiness to display its military power in today’s “world jungle” with European weaknesses, cowardice and fancies about an outdated international law.

In all respects, the invasion of Iraq marks the crossing of a threshold. Not only it was an unapologetically, openly defiant blow by the USA to the collective will of the Security Council. It also departed from the “zero casualty” doctrine, cherished by the prior US military and political establishment, which is now felt irreconcilable with the pathos and ethos of a “superpower” worthy its name. This development sheds a sinister light on President Bush’ National Security Strategy document of 17 September 2002, a document which some have tried to accommodate as a dialectical attempt to reinterpret customary international law on self-defence. More than the proclaimed right of pre-emptive self-defence against terrorist threats and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, for which some arguments could be made, the real motive of the NSS seems to be the determination of the US Government “to dissuade potential adversaries from pursuing military build-up in hopes of surpassing, or equalling, the power of the United States”. Taken together with the neo-liberal millenarianism which pervades the present US administration, its pronounced “interest” in holding its grip on strategic resources such as oil, and its unabashed contempt for international institutional or multilateral checks, this amounts to little less than an admission of a resolute will to dominate the world, to establish an ultimate imperium, whatever the price might be.

Should this be the grand strategy behind some recent US moves, such as the labelling of some states as belonging to an “axis of evil”, one cannot help but see the future with apprehension. International law is little consolation to remember that it was with the decisive help of the USA that it managed to escape this danger once.

Home Security – Why Door Security Systems Are the First Line of Defence

In the event that you might be new to door security, you need to understand that securing your doors in your residence that lead to the outside, is a way to protect you and your family from intruders. Many thieves get into specifically through the front, back, or side doors of the home. Locks can certainly end up being picked, but when you have an alarm system attached to that doorway, if it is opened up while you have your security alarm armed, you are alerted and so will the police.

The concept behind door security is to make sure your doors are linked to your home security system. This is among the most essential items of security you can have for your house as the doors are prone to thieves. Even when you may have locks that are “un-pickable” as promised by the supplier, a practiced crook could possibly pick virtually any lock and get access to your property should they be so inclined. Certainly, you should lock your doors and also have the very best locks you can afford, but the thing is, locks are not always the most effective deterrent.

Various unbiased tests have revealed that home doors just are not ideal at keeping burglars out. Even if your door is solid wood, the frame in which the door is situated may very well be very cheaply constructed and therefore literally crack under a forced entrance. Consequently, the door might be able to resist two hundred pounds of pressure, however if the door frame is significantly less strong as the door, then pressure placed on the door will mean the intruder gets access as the frame collapses under pressure. Naturally, you would like to get the best doors and frames you possibly can.

Home security and door security comes in different kinds. You can have the doors fitted with the sensor of the security monitoring system you may have or you can choose a number of different door locks for example deadbolts, chains for your door, sliding door security locks, and install metal doors as opposed to wood. Furthermore, you should make certain that the door frame is really as solid as the door itself because again, if the door is secure and the frame is not, burglars can gain entry easily. A thief can make off with your valuables when entry to your home is convenient.

Finally, should you be installing extra secure doors as part of your home security, be sure the door incorporates a viewer so that you can check and check out who is at your door before you decide to open it. The viewer should really provide you a large viewing area so even if the person is standing to the side, you will see them.